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HIV/ AIDS Focusing on Social, Political, Cultural and Information System

Executive Summary of Crisis Management

Through this assignment, the main assessment focus is on crisis management and how the action of the managers and the leaders play a vital role in healthcare organizations like NHS. During the pandemic crisis management, such as HIV/AIDS, what is the crucial role of the managers, who would hold multiple roles in the clinical and management set up. Further, with the changing times, what can be the possible changes, which can be adapted and bought to the high-level inquiries that can co-relate with the patient-safety failures along with the failing care, due to such inquiries that can show consistent patient care and to lead at all levels of healthcare organizations. During the pandemic crises, it is essential to lead, plan, and even control the people, staff, and the various important stakeholders in the information and Information Systems.

The most important role to manage and lead is to collaborate and make the entire whole-of-society approach in working alongside with the pandemic influenza preparedness and further focusing on the significant roles aimed to shape up the health sector and manage the sectors, individuals, families, and communities, which can further work to mitigate effects of a pandemic. It is important to step to encourage and capacities for mitigating the effects of a pandemic and to have the accurate robust contingency plans along with the business continuity plans that can help to overcome the pandemic crises. The collaboration is to work in the activities including capacity development, planning, and coordination, and further to have transparent communication which has been cross-cutting and required action by all parties. The chosen pandemic is the HIV/AIDS and in the given essay, the focus would be on the leaders attribute and how to handle situation through the social, cultural and the political aspects.

Contents

Executive Summary.

Introduction.

Background.

Leadership development

Recommendations.

6.1 Analysis of social, political and cultural factors.

Social

Political

Cultural

Evaluation.

Conclusion.

Reflective account

References.

Introduction to Crisis Management

The main aim is to understand how during the Pandemic crises like HIV/AIDS, the catmint of the leadership and the management role plays a vital role in managing and leading the people. In the past years, when there was a pandemic spread like SARS, Spanish Flu, etc., the leaders and the managers within the critical healthcare set up like NHS, have played a vital role in controlling the epidemic and even taking the necessary actions. The main purpose was not only to correct the current situation but also how to handle the high-level inquiries and combat the patient-safety failures and failing care and to take the necessary corrective measures. It would an important step to work collaboratively and actively at all levels of healthcare organizations. The role of the leaders and the managers working within the have to focus on the personal and the professional factors, along with matching with the internal and the external crisis point management in the information and Information Systems which can bring radical changes (Valdiserri, 2020).

The pandemic crisis point has always stepped up to demand the leaders in business to enact swiftly manage and even control the crisis point. As the humanitarian toll has overshadowed during the HIV/AIDS crises point, the fear of failure looms to affect the employees and other stakeholders (Tambo, et al, 2016). In the repercussion of the outbreak, any wrong decision can transit into the inefficient leadership and it can lead to the fatal consequences to fall in the community. Leadership has been noted as an attempt to influence the activities of the followers and with the effective communication process, the main attainment is the achievement of the common goal. It is also one of the potential steps to encourage and build the common grounds of the forces, to manage the staff, and take corrective measures to outline what role of the executive’s plays and how to shape up. A leader's main objective can be goal-oriented such as how to combat disease management or to have a quick solution to combat and resolve the outbreak management.

Background of Crisis Management 

A leader, ability is to be transparent and to collaborate the resources to make effective decisions during the crisis time. It would help in managing the crises point and how to work progressively in controlling the "landscape-scale" crisis: and to work co-coordinately with the sequence of events in overcoming the scale and managing the element of the uncertainty can help to overcome the rise in the disorientation, and also how to manage the lost control, along with the strong emotional disturbance(Sommerville Jr, 2018). The role of the leader is to understand how the crisis point has emerged, how to take the collaborative and the accurate steps and ways to overcome and manage the first thing leaders can do. It is important to manage and fine-tune during the crisis onset and how to control the environment to safeguard the followers (Ross, 2016). For example, during the SARS outbreak of 2002–03 the quick resolution was to provide the corrective steps, such as analyzing, understanding how it is spreading to continue to inform the followers, be concise with the communication can help to overcome the situation.

The crisis points would aim that a leader can overcome the ways to have a balanced normalcy bias and to work consecutively to collaborate and lead. Form the history, during the HIV/AIDS point there has been a strong accomplishment in managing the strong leadership (to have the accurate national responses of Australia, Brazil, Rwanda, Thailand and Uganda; and the other activities like of the AIDS activist movements covering the United States in the 1980s and 1990s along with the South Africa currently). Further, how the opportunities are squandered when leadership is poor (for example the US federal government response during the 1980s and how the South African government enacting at present). In Thailand, also there has been a strong leadership response enactment during the 1990s which has led to control of the AIDS/HIV spread and even helped in the development of the multispectral HIV/AIDS policy (Beima-Sofie, et al, 2018).

The government action can aim to control the massive public information campaign and also how to educate the masses by mentioning the condom programmers to be used in the sex industry and to identify an action to control the epidemic at the time of control. As observed, there has been a total of the 670 000 HIV infections in Thailand in 2001, and have the strong leadership response would have not maintained, it would have led to the more cases of the HIV prevalence which has covered a total of the 10% of the population and to have the 6 million infections. Similarly, a strong leadership response within the country Uganda at the time of the emergence has helped in controlling and preventing the contagious spread causing an out-of-control HIV epidemic to go out and vanish.

Leadership Development

NHS, Source(Peterson, 2019)

Stage 1 to have the Own practice/immediate team – The role of the leaders is to bring in effective collaboration and also the tranquility of the building personal relationships with the patients and the peers that can be part of the multi-disciplinary team. Further to collaborate and bring in the staff efficiencies to work and command over to solve things. The consequent impact of taking the decisions and how the staff can works during the risk (Eaton, 2019).

Stage 2 having a consistent service/across teams – Aims to bring in harmony and foster relationships within that can work across to solve the problems and able to solve them. The staff role is to bring in the risks and the overcoming conscious of the risks while having a decision and a successful outcome.

Stage 3 across services/wider organization –: Work collaboratively over the main aims and the teams and departments to resolve the situation. The staff can even challenge the desire to be appropriate to have the solutions to complex problems. The main goal is to bring in the tranquility and the quick resolution (Fauci, 2017).

Stage 4 Whole organization/healthcare system - When transitioning with the goals, the main aim is to foster the partnerships across and outside the traditional organizational boundaries which are equally sustainable and also commendable. The problem of the leaders is to deal with and handle innovative solutions to such problems. This can also work during the national/international level and aim to have better participation during the time of the whole systems thinking, finding new ways of working, and also lead to bring a transformation change. The decision can be significant and can work in accordance with the guidelines (Friedland, 2016).

Applied

To note how there can be raising awareness and also how there can be an effective leadership role working across the whole organization

  • To manage the talent management strategy
  • To have an accurate transition to exist with the leadership development programmer
  • To work in accordance with the design and commissioning based the training and development programmers
  • To relate and promote the individual leadership skills
  • Better aimed skilled and the team development
  • To bring in the uniformity of the appraisal systems (Granich, 2016)
  • To bring in the uniformity of the organization’s recruitment along with the retention processes.

Analysis of Social, Political and Cultural Factors

Social

Educational impact

Due to the lack of education, awareness, and active involvement, the HIV spread has been largely attributed to the predominant factors which have been out of control. As analyzed, the worldwide system has been impacted due to the lack of the educational systems globally and also to bring in the better awareness programs, by including the information schools and universities. As per the Pandemic HIV crises, more than the million schools have included the HIV/AIDS-related awareness and the educational materials, so that the 87% of the learners within the 165 countries can transit and also work in a better environment (Hargreaves, et al, 2016).

Inequality

The high inequality in getting the treatment and also how the income individuals can likely affect the HIV people to die, instead of getting cure and the treatment, justifies how health and the income are the two emerging issues. For example, the low-income neighborhoods in South Africa would have limited doctors, nurses, and hospitals that can treat HIV/AIDS and also educate the masses (Granich, 2016). While in the better urban and the upper neighborhood, there would be better infrastructure and better doctor’s availability to check and treat HIV/AIDS. As per the family's analysis, the larger is the income inequality, the greater is the risk of dying. Substantially, the lower-income groups also face the disparities in getting lower employment rates, having poorer families that have the likeliness of the housing work and unmanageable low skill jobs, The treatment and the HIV funding is equally expensive and it is important to note how to take accurate steps (Friedland, 2016).

Religious impact

Religion plays a vital role in shaping up the people's minds and during the pandemic crises; the main importance is to focus Church, Temples and the various religious places to educate the masses. The HIV spread is due to sexual transmission, though most of the religion prohibits discussing all this, it is necessary to take actions and the quick resolutions to combat the problems. Religion plays a vital role and the belief in the Priest, Pope, Etc., how can educate, how to avoid any necessary physical contact, without any taking necessary actions (Gallagher, 2016).

Personal gatherings

With personal gatherings and networking, quick medical experts can educate and also create an awareness program. It is important to spread the advisories, inform the people of the police, and even provide the means and gatherings of the larger events. The policies to maintain a healthy distance and limit the sexual encounters or any blood infusion transmission can be informed, in an event or the public places.

Domestic violence

Poor education, low social security, high domestic violence can also lead to crisis points in the families and how there can be a substantial view (Gallagher, 2016).

Political

The political factors also play vital roles, in scoping out the corrective actions Such as a government can be cared for free and take no necessary inactions. Or the same government can take corrective measures and forming the policies and can formulate the findings. For example, while in South Africa, the rate of awareness and how to have the corrective action can have quick measures and how to take the inaction and denial related to AIDS (Hargreaves, et al, 2020). The positive political action can be placed with the governmental levels and how to take the necessary inaction to control the global response to AIDS (Merson, 2018). The main role is to understand how there can be a parallel political action on AIDS and how to take the corrective inaction as a way to control and combat the injustices and mobilize and how to manage the political momentum related to the issues like the gay rights. Subsequently, the role of the politics also plays a vital role in the negative force at times and taking the corrective actions that can help to avoid any possible blocking important policy developments and take the steps to in overcoming the evidence-informed action on AIDS.

Such as how to enact and control the anti-retroviral treatment that has been placed in the poor countries and forming prevention of sexual transmission of HIV, which can lead to the transmission of the injection drug users. Due to the inaction reflects a political denial, it is also important to formulate the possibilities of the unwillingness to engage and operate with the sensitive issues, that can lead to the inextricably linked to HIV transmission. Due to the inaction on AIDS, the main aim of the government is to provide competent competition from development issues and how to successfully cover the enhancement and income-generation programs. Substantially to relate with the AIDS programs, it is necessary to have the epidemic take the decisive political action which can help in reducing the spread and importance of the accurate steps (Kay, 2020).

Human rights and taking the corrective actions and overcome the challenges, such as how much the government is supporting and how to have advanced AIDS strategies and having balanced policy-level work. Substantially to have political leadership, it is necessary to have the advancing agendas and to bring in the coalition of the public health programs. The government can also bring in the public model, such as .education programs health workers campaigning, community, and integrating the policies (Tambo, et al, 2016).

Government action can also be important in the earmarking funds, and how to depend on the opportunity and how to have the funds for the AIDS, and how to have the subsequent advantages, to place the transit making funds hostage. The main aim is to handle the political agendas and aim to place the restrictions over the HIV prevention funding and to take the steps to overcome the abstinence-only prevention education.

The action aimed at AIDS to handle the transformational form of public health. AIDS can also give a new lens of the new paradigm and to translate into the better collaboration and bring in the command of the individuals and communities and changed the dynamics existing in between the caregivers, the pharmaceutical industry and work with the better framework with the public health establishment along with the international organizations, and affected communities.

To have better political action related to the given health issues aims to control the AIDS response, and to translate into the good political action and to handle the bad politics and denial, that can be dependent on the public health community. The development, the relation the political leadership at all levels is that can be related to the presence of the essentials that can be representing the address significant public health issues (Valdiserri 2016).

Cultural

The cultural collaboration and controlling the pandemic situation is a tangled web of associations which would help to handle the shortcomings. The cultural aspects can lead to further complexities, such as overcoming the restriction of the factors associated with the HIV/AIDS pandemic and how to overcome nature. Subsequently, it is necessary to have the purportedly cultural factors that can represent the ‘cultural’ aspect and how there can be effective treatments that can lead to control. The cultural aspects can be cofactors of disease’ and to handle the cultural factors for example the traditional practices which include the blood and other body fluids, along with facing the sexual norms, early marriage, or the celebration of the coital debut, widow inheritance. Some other practices like the sexual cleansing rituals, gender relations and norms, and facing the female genital cutting (FGC) along with this the male circumcision and religion or religiosity, are some of the major consequences of it.

Evaluation of Crisis Management 

To enact swiftly and through the consistent transparent ways, it is necessary to understand how there can be increase consequences and quick action, aimed during the HIV/AIDS field. The most suitable leadership intervention was to impose the global HIV/AIDS policy (which is to focus on the critical years of global HIV/AIDS policy and relate with the critical gaps and strategies that can bring ineffective responses.

By analyzing the key characterizing leadership, as a quick resolution to the action, the leaders should have the correct vision and how to have the momentum control over the pandemic. A leader with a better vision can aim and aspire the people around and also bring in the tranquility of the approaches. The leader’s creative attitude and how to approach the problems that can equally have the long term vision can help in correcting the juncture in the pandemic, and how to work in the better ways to approach a particular situation. A leader role is also the enactment of the political mainstream that can have the inequalities and changing policies and practices which can help to contribute effectively in the line of the HIV and any corrective means of the programmers.

The role of the respondents is to focus on the roles of the ongoing effort that can work against HIV. It is important to have the 'leadership gap' addressed with the changes in leadership, and how to have a collaborative basis to correct the situation. The mechanism of the act to work within the crisis point, like to think to do the crisis time, ways and the inviting ways to control the disease, steps for the mechanisms to mentor and develop new leaders can also help to bring a leadership change. It is important well-trained leaders can collaborate and work while integrating the resources research, healthcare work and how to manage the policy, programmer management, take steps for the activism and advocacy – that can help to overcome the developing countries to overcome the high HIV prevalence or incidence and even orient to have a limited skilled human resource capacity. Further, as the training programmers can help to address and even the technical and leadership skills aimed to transits at a rapid pace. Some of the leader's qualities expected and warranted are the-:

Frequently monitor-: To check the crisis point and to check the internal and the externally managed staff and note their wellbeing. 

Better, safer decisions aimed to be protective. It is important to lead and have better accurate steps required for the prompt opportunities and even aim to have good decision-making skills. To transits and bring in the prompt decision making.

Aim to be accessible. The leader should know how to manage with the given resources and how to have better plans of action and the resolution in management. Be in touch and hear the concerns while making an accurate decision(Tambo et al, 2016).

Be empathetic. To have a broader view and vision.

To be confident and supportive-: it is necessary to be transparent, but more necessary to sound confident while taking decision (Quinn, 2015).

Acknowledging emotions-: Accurately take steps and have the managed ways to overcome the disruptions within the job role and manage it well and safely. To maintain the sincere gratitude for the professionalism and aim for the care workers that can bring in a better class of action. Work in accordance to the better-resolved techniques and bring in harmony.

Worker ethics-: How a worker performs during the pressure and to note the ethical point of the consideration during the burnout is the main crisis point (Sommerville, 2018).

Conclusion on Crisis Management 

To conclude, during the massive scale outbreak, the leader's true qualities like to be brave, lead, take the quick decision making, be authorities, concise and be precise to take decisions during the crises, has to be adaptive in the unprecedented and unpredictable ways to challenge the executives at large. During public health, leadership main role is not only to focus on the means to control the disease but also how to manage human resources management. The changing times, what can be the possible changes, which can be adapted and bought to the high-level inquiries that can co-relate with the patient-safety failures along with the failing care, due to such inquiries that can show consistent patient care and to lead at all levels of healthcare organizations. During the pandemic crises, it is essential to lead, plan, and even control the people, staff, and the various important stakeholders in the information and Information Systems.

The most important role to manage and lead is to collaborate and make the entire whole-of-society approach in working alongside with the pandemic influenza preparedness and further focusing on the significant roles aimed to shape up the health sector and manage the sectors, individuals, families, and communities, which can further work to mitigate effects of a pandemic. It is important to step to encourage and capacities for mitigating the effects of a pandemic and to have the accurate robust contingency plans along with the business continuity plans that can help to overcome the pandemic crises. The collaboration is to work in the activities including capacity development, planning, and coordination, and further to have transparent communication which has been cross-cutting and required action by all parties. The chosen pandemic is the HIV/AIDS and in the given essay, the focus would be on the leaders attribute and how to handle situation through the social, cultural and the political aspects

Reflective Account on Crisis Management 

In my opinion, the leadership role and management play a vital role in during the crisis points. The policies, rules and to have the unfamiliarity and uncertainty, can also have the effective responses aimed to be improvised, this might include the versatility of the actions: not just temporary moves (Such as the instituting work-from-home policies) and to bring the collaboration of the adjustments for the business continuity plans (like including the adoption of new tools that can help in the collaboration), and it can be beneficial as a whole (Merson, 2018). A leader's response during the time of crisis management can help to control and combat the situation. The role is not paced with managing the routine emergency, but also how to have the plan of action required advancing.

References for Crisis Management 

Beima-Sofie, K., Ortblad, K. F., Swanson, F., Graham, S. M., Stekler, J. D., & Simoni, J. M. (2020). “Keep It Going if You Can”: HIV Service Provision for Priority Populations During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Seattle, WA. AIDS and Behavior, 1.

Eaton, L. A., & Kalichman, S. C. (2020). Social and behavioral health responses to COVID-19: lessons learned from four decades of an HIV pandemic. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 1-5.s

Fauci, A. S. (2017). An HIV vaccine is essential for ending the HIV/AIDS pandemic. Jama318(16), 1535-1536.

Friedland, G. (2016). Marking time in the global HIV/AIDS pandemic. Jama316(2), 145-146.

Gallagher, R. M. (2020). Our Health is the Public’s Health: Pain Management Leadership in the COVID-19 Pandemic. Pain Medicine: The Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine.

Granich, R., & Roscigno, G. (2020). COVID-19 and HIV Pandemics: lessons from the use of rapid antibody testing in the ongoing HIV response.

Hargreaves, J., Davey, C., Auerbach, J., Blanchard, J., Bond, V., Bonell, C., ... & Doyle, A. (2020). Three lessons for the COVID-19 response from pandemic HIV. The Lancet HIV7(5), e309-e311.

Kay, E. S., & Musgrove, K. (2020). From HIV to coronavirus: AIDS service organizations adaptative responses to COVID-19, Birmingham, Alabama. AIDS and Behavior, 1.

Quinn, T. (2018). H-104 The HIV pandemic in Sub-Saharan Africa: Challenges, successes, and leadership. JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes77, 47.

Merson, M., & Inrig, S. (2018). Containing the Global Spread of HIV. In The AIDS Pandemic (pp. 171-196). Springer, Cham.

Peterson, E. B., Chou, W. Y. S., Kelley, D. E., & Hesse, B. (2019). Trust in national health information sources in the United States: comparing predictors and levels of trust across three health domains. Translational Behavioral Medicine.

Ross, J. E. (2020). Resident Response During Pandemic: This Is Our Time.

Sommerville Jr, R. R. (2018). " Lift Your Voice Like a Trumpet!" Mobilizing African-American Churches to Respond to the HIV/AIDS Pandemic. Journal of the Interdenominational Theological Center35(1), 3.

Tambo, E., Yah, C. S., Ugwu, C. E., Olalubi, O. A., Wurie, I., Jonhson, J. K., & Ngogang, J. Y. (2016). Fostering prevention and care delivery services capability on HIV pandemic and Ebola outbreak symbiosis in Africa. The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries10(01), 1-12.

Valdiserri, R. O., & Holtgrave, D. R. (2020). Responding to pandemics: what we’ve learned from HIV/AIDS. AIDS and Behavior, 1.

Remember, at the center of any academic work, lies clarity and evidence. Should you need further assistance, do look up to our Management Assignment Help

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