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What Are the Opportunities and Challenges in Implementing Post Disaster Needs Assessment? How Can They Overcome It?

Introduction to Post-Disaster Need Assessment

The primary aim of the Post-disaster Need assessment (PDNA) framework is to coordinate recovery efforts across different sectors. PDNA has supported the government in expanding capabilities and practices for recovery strategies. PDNA is globally accepted and can drive physical reconstruction through evaluation (Recovery platform, 2018) The multi-agency efforts of PDNA focus on national needs beyond despair for resilient recovery. As a support tool, PDNA has opportunities and challenges. This essay reflects the opportunities and challenges and recommendations for overcoming the same. 

Opportunities of PDNA

PDNA has the opportunity to drive recovery beyond physical reconstruction. They can develop foster linkage among partners The purpose of disaster assessment is to estimate and identify financial requirements to rebuild the system assessment does not cover the post-disaster need for the affected population (Prevention web. 2011). The procedure should follow the bottom-up approach to analyze the sector impact. PDNA has the objective to provide a harmonized and comprehensive approach for government-led damages, losses, and recovery needs. PDNA has the opportunity to mobilize resources for advanced human development and establishing a recovery framework. PDNA has the opportunity to bridge gaps and maintain synergy for working groups other than the society actors determined for recovery process action to eliminate eep rooted problem. The concern on the application of localized data with the access of information from the community with NGO shows a recovery framework for local as procedural requirements (GFDRR, 2018). PDNA can introduce greater awareness for the relevance of risk financing as they drive recovery beyond physical reconstruction towards human recovery practice. This can be done by including the local community's need for human development in recovery planning. The composite analysis of different recovery need assessment is an opportunity for identifying gap recovery preparedness activities of actors by said recovery assessments for multi-sector recovery assessment

Challenges in Implementing PDNA

The lack of involvement of the private sector creates opaque assessment in health and development cases. the development of complementary policy supports management. PDNA act as a source of integrity and provides credibility through their involvement. Open Engagement and participation response are some of the key challenges. The lack of cultural collaboration impacts the post-disaster need assessment. It can help in the restoration of governance and the decision-making process. The recovery strategy experience lack of collaboration into the framework. The post-disaster needs assessment plan has limitations of the collection of data. PDNA implementation can be enhanced through the availability of timely experts (UNDP, 2016). Training and development activities should strive to involve all primary institutions to benefit from local or culturally relevant knowledge in field surveys. There are limited training and ground interaction with the affected population due to limited means. Conducting PDNA in a fluid political environment is challenging to understand the need assessment of the affected population. This leads to an overlap of recovery framework and management objectives as a trade-off for results. The accountability to affected people their interest by PDNA remains unclear and there is little dialog by the government to identify special needs. The challenges faced by PDNA relate to limited opportunities for dialogue by partners and government expected ownership of the national assessment process (UNDP, 2007). The time requirement for contributing to beneficial outcomes is limited. PDNA provides opportunities for building national capabilities, augment skillsets for implementing recovery strategies that are shadowed by government objectives. Inclusion of vulnerable, socially marginalized groups is challenging due to missing of non-grassroots level touch (GFDRR, 2013). Time requirements for conducting PDNA and dissertation on lack of optimal schedule defers the management objective. One of the major challenges faced by PDNA results due to an issue on accountability as it is a predominately institutional process. The challenging part is identifying, access, and reaching the vulnerable population for sub-disaster recovery due to the lack of a proper database.

Measures/strategies to Overcome

A pre-assessment of the government guidance framework for workshops and understanding geographic interest will help in overcoming the assessment process. A framework for robust dialogue between the community will positively impact the implementation of PDNA. Coordination by the team to ensure directive measures to ensure assessment objectives are not compromised. Government ownership should be utilized for design modification for assessment. High investment in techniques for qualitative and quantitative data will address the limitation for poor quality data collection as a modification. Viable strategies should be integrated by the government. Similarly, a modification for assessment limited area and area of isolation will shape the PDNA application by creating distinguished profiles and development priorities. Establishing a preparedness program through the development of independence for the expedition of work PDNA serves different interests for the primary partner and effective management. PDNA through robust support of government and preparedness will help in effective action by its institutional and technical competencies.

Government ownership will result in participation and productive PDNA. Recognition of common purpose and overall adherence will help in implementing PDNA for the effectiveness of technical competency application. Key government ownership and leadership in implementing PDNA are critical for achieving harmonized management and productive output. To adapt as per the country need assessment will facilitate time scale and immediate results, this can be done through a combination of comprehensive and immediate results both. Being more inclusive by the community and society will help in identifying the needs of private sector participation. The quality of assessment due to time frame and external factors impact national capabilities. Strategic and operation communication between actors will facilitate a quick response. PDNA should balance social, economic, and infrastructural needs by developing a timeline for activity allocation ( Recovery platform, 2018). During the initial phase, the government should determine the optimal schedule, and directing officials to endure data collection is not impacted for personal field evaluation of disaster impact. Using modeling and assessment for social protection needs to improve routine preparedness. Training policy for personal will guide him to the area of mandate and competence. Developing an information management arrangement will support a large volume of primary and secondary data consolidated as support to critical service for the PDNA Team. Using intergovernmental measures to maintain nationwide interest, PDNA can be utilized for capacity assessment for delivery service and improving the governance process.

Conclusion on Post-Disaster Need Assessment

The aim of the PDNA must be an initiating dialog for recovery, to ensure this PDNA team should work on recovery preparedness. PDNA can drive physical reconstruction through evaluation by government support through an optimal schedule. A rapid training developed as part of a refresher for the training planning schedule and Government ownership can help for design modification for assessment. High investment in techniques for qualitative and quantitative data will address the limitation for poor quality data collectionTripate partners can assess the recovery by supporting recovery strategy and developing risk analysis and engaging donors in post-disaster countries. Assessment can be enhanced through updating roasters and multiple language skills for understanding cultural realities. The adaption of government and partner dialog for improving transparency will help in demising the limitations of PDNA implementation. 

References for Post-Disaster Need Assessment

GFDRR. (2018). Lessons from a decade of experience. Retrieved from https://www.gfdrr.org/sites/default/files/publication/Final_PDNA_Evaluation_Report.pdf

GFDRR. (2013) Post-disaster need assessments: Volume A. GFDRR

Prevention web. (2011). National progress report on the implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action. Retrieved from https://www.preventionweb.net/files/19726_lbn_NationalHFAprogress_2009-11.pdf

Recovery platform. (2018). International recovery platform. Retrieved from https://www.recoveryplatform.org/pdna

UNDP. (2007). Post-disaster recovery needs assessment and methodologies. UNDP 

UNDP. (2016). Post-disaster needs assessment: roll-out in disaster-prone countries. UNDP

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