Enjoy Upto 50% off on all Your Assignments ORDER NOW

Aboriginal Australians & the Human Services 

Introduction to Family Violence Prevention Programs

Family violence is a serious issue that has been associated with the marginalized community and has now become a challenging concern for Australian federals and union territories as well. Poverty and poor socio-economic status have resulted in poor parenting which consequently leaves negative effects on the growing children (Australia,2020). These effects often lead to depression, anxiety, poor mental abilities, and developmental delays. The existing stigma and discrimination in the society against people belonging to poor socio-economic status has triggered mental health issue owing to the associated trauma (Hovane and Cox, 2011). Poor economic status and the lost land and lack of access to education and lack of respect for women resulted in family violence. The collapse of traditional indigenous institutions and roles has links with the colonial past which affects the modern pattern of destructive behaviors such as alcohol and drug consumption by the people belonging to minority groups. This created a negative impact on the people which consequently give rise to self-harm, trauma, and in some cases interpersonal violence (Australia,2020). The intergenerational trauma has impacted the past and is still a cause for interpersonal violence in the present situation. Various plans can be initiated to prevent family violence among the Indigenous community: changing the existing thoughts of the people, changing the arbitrary concepts and power relationships among people that triggers violence, address identifying the social barrier for interpersonal violence, and conduct non-violence and policies in the society (Australia,2020). Special tarring based on anti-violence policies can be used to prevent interpersonal violence in the family. The report will reflect the importance of anti-violence policies to reduce interpersonal family violence among Indigenous people.

Critical Factors in Effective Execution of The Programs

Based on our interaction with the Indigenous people, and the publication of the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies (AIATSIS, 2007). The following are the factors that contribute towards the management of effective programs for the Indigenous community and include

  1. Statistic of Indigenous Status of Victim
  2. Community Ownership and Control
  3. Embedding Culture
  4. Harnessing existing community capacity and its leaders
  5. Course design and proper implementation
  6. Quality Indigenous staff employment and effective advocacy
  7. Implementing good governance
  8. Student support services

Statistic of Indigenous Status of Victim

This is important for our assignment as it will give insight into the depth and prevalence of family violence in their social setting. Statistic of Indigenous status of victims for South Australia is based on extraction from an ABS assessment.



Homicide and related offenses

The number of victims has raised from 6 to 8 in the year 2017 which defines the rate of around 19 people/10000 of people belonging to the Indigenous community. Therefore the number has significantly increased owing to domestic violence. This number is essential to utilize the funding for the correct cause

Physical harm

The number of victims has significantly increased from 15 to 4806 of Indigenous people living in South Australia in 2017, most of the victims were related to physical harm or assault. The victim's number of Indigenous and non-Indigenous were found 4806 and 810 respectively. The target people can be identified through this process


The females of the Aboriginal community were most affected by assault as compared to Aboriginal men and range from 73& and 31% respectively.

Location of the incident

The location in South Australia was found mostly in residential areas with 1333 victims

Sexual harm

This will provide the correct data of the violence owing to sexual harm. During the year 2010 to 2017, the number of cases of victims related to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community sexual assault in South Australia has increased from 203 to 71 victims which is a significant number due to lack of knowledge and unawareness

Relationship and offender

This information is helpful as it will help us to identify the target audience to reduce the number of victims. In most cases, the parent or family member was considered as the offender. Around 47% of the offender were family and 41% were a partner.

Robbery and violence

This is the major factor triggering the family violence in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community and the number of victims ranged from 3 to 15 in South Australia.

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2018, Recorded Crime - Victims, Australia.

The Importance of Social Activist

Training from start to end plays an essential role that results in positive outcomes for community rights and control. The true leader will conduct the training in an effective way that will help in creating a changing the thought process regarding interpersonal violence. The programs were designed by first identifying the target audience and the location for its beneficial results (Brownridge, 2013). Ownership is a major factor that every volunteer working for the benefit of the Aboriginal and Torres Islander people should possess. In this program, the volunteers working for Aboriginal people will determine the operational plan and carried out its execution that will inherently lead to family, people, and leadership empowerment. The training will improve the skills and creates space for volunteers of the NGO to improve the knowledge of the violence and learn ways to lessen the issue of family violence (Brownridge, 2013). The past experiences and the intergenerational trauma has impacted the lives of the Indigenous people and has created a space for violence and stress The profession of being a social activist working for the benefit of the Aboriginal community must ensure to understand the culture, values, and beliefs of the different community for beneficial outcomes. Every obligation either the family or individual is essential to plan for resolving the issue of family violence. They also provide training focusing on god parenting and its possible outcomes.

Contribution of Community Capacity and Its Leaders

Conflicts within the families especially the partners is a major issue that needs to consider while generating plans for anti-violence programs for the Aboriginal community. The leadership in the community is the center for effective outcomes. An evaluation of the plans based on family violence has shown as scope to take more consideration towards the success of these plans The trust issue can be resolved if a person belonging to the Indigenous community will take part in the social activities for where the local people will contribute with freedom and without fear of being judged. The AIATSIS report suggests that the people belonging to the Indigenous community have leadership qualities that can be utilized for creating an effective anti-violence plan (Adelson, 2014). Moreover, the report also suggests that the Indigenous people can be strong influencers and in some companies form a part of stakeholders as well. All these factors can lead to effective counseling for the Indigenous people and they can actively participate in the policy and programs and can have strong relationships with the federal, local, national, and international associates (Adelson, 2014). The partnerships with the communities and other parties and external experts who can support planning and distributing the funds will help to achieve the goal of resolving the issue of family violence. These partnerships can show the right direction which eventually reduces the work efforts and wastage of funds and resources.

Course Design and Flexibility in Designing a Plan

The involvement and partnership with the external experts have created a space for effective policy related to the anti-violence programs. The training proved beneficial to involve the leaders in designing plans which also proved beneficial for the proper utilization of resources

Major flexibility factors include (Benoit et al.,2013)

  • hands-on, individual, and community-based training
  • Training and programs both in rural and urban areas
  • The time required for effective plan development

The staff and individual flexibility are important for generating effective plans based on competent ideas. This is also essential for a responsive training approach that is based according to the needs and preferences of the students. Implementation and meeting of deadlines is another important reason for the partnership with the external sources, creating a space for flexibility as well (Benoit et al.,2013). Time is an essential factor to resolve the issue of family violence among the Indigenous community as the process is not completed in one step and therefore flexibility in time is a favoring concept for designing anti-violence plans. Long term commitment is important to maintain the relationship with the experts from outside or within the community.

Quality Indigenous Staff Employment and Committed Advocacy

Understanding of staff, students, teachers, and commitment from the external sources is important for the effective application of the non-violence funding programs. It is also highlighted that social activists belonging to the Indigenous community proved beneficial for the success of the plans as they can share their personal experience which forms an important part during planning. Skilled and competent staff is important and forms the backbone of the organization and can work effectively for the success of the organization (Doyle and Hungerford, 2014). Moreover, the involvement of more Indigenous people will create a sense of cultural security in professional systems. They show more contribution and dedication towards their work and can advocate for the rights of the Indigenous people

Implementing Good Governance

Successful programs including the anti-violence family program are based on the good governance by excluding the bad governance factors (AIATSIS, 2007). For creating sustainable and committed capabilities, good governance plays is essential and will work within the judicial framework Good governance concerning Aboriginal and Torres Islander organizations and communities "having the structures, processes, and institutional capacity in place to be able to exercise jurisdiction through sound decision-making, representation, and accountability. The following good governance principle shall strictly adhere to in the course of implementation of the program.

  • The static structure of the organization
  • An effective and accomplished organization
  • Stringent regulations for responsibilities and decision-making
  • Power separation
  • Problem-solving approach
  • Correct administrational and financial systems
  • Plan development policies and plans
  • Cultural security in society

Achieving an accurate and legitimate cultural fit for Aboriginal and Torres Islander people is one of the outcomes of good governance. The proper balance between organizational system and the value and beliefs of the Indigenous people is a major achievement of good governance Problems arise for many Indigenous governing bodies when they lose sight of the fact that their ongoing legitimacy is often grounded, at the local level, in culturally-based values and priorities (Doyle and Hungerford, 2014). Accordingly, given the context-specific nature of good governance, there is no one-size-fits-all approach to governance of Indigenous community organizations. There is not a single-size fit approach that will cover all the demands for the Indigenous community plans and programs

The Policy Context

Various plans for resolving the issue of family violence has been established in Australia in the past years. The National Plan to Reduce Violence against Women was designed in 2010 and focus to strengthen the women's power to reduce the rates of family violence. By empowering women they were provided with the opportunities of education, business opportunities, and employment for their better sand safe future (Benoit et al.,2013).

Training for Students

Proper and required training should be provided to the students to impart the education based on the anti-violence approach (SNAICC, 2012). The students should be provided with social, cultural, and financial support. Partnership with external sources can help to create financial opportunities for developing plans for students belonging to an Aboriginal community (Harvey,2014).

Flexibility and Funding Approaches

The funding should be utilized following the requirement and the location for beneficial outcomes along with the introduction of novel ideas for the long-term sustainability of the plan and funding purpose (Brownridge,2013). Administrative and application demands should be flexible and must allow when the funding source is from multiple stakeholders (Bourassa et al.,2014).

Conclusion on Family Violence Prevention Programs

Due to the lack. of evaluations, it becomes difficult to identify a particular plan for a family violence based program. However, various existing national programs and policies have shown positive outcomes of the family violence programs which also suggest that there should is a scope to improve the plans based on the anti-violence approach There should be a detailed study on the identification and evaluation process for such programs. This will not only resolve the violence issue rather improve the mental health and wellbeing of the Aboriginal people by providing emotional and spiritual support. The training and policies will significantly reduce the funding which can be utilized for health services.

References for Family Violence Prevention Programs

Adelson, N. 2014. The embodiment of inequity: Family health disparities in Aboriginal Canada. Canadian Journal of Public Health Review. 96, 45–61.

  1. 2020. Australian Institute of Family Studies. (online). Available at https://aifs.gov.au/ Accessed on 28/10/2020.

AIATSIS. 2007. Organizing for success: Policy report. Successful strategies in Indigenous organizations, Canberra, AIATSIS &Melbourne, The Australian Collaboration (0nline) Available at <www.aiatsis.gov.au/research/success.html>. Accessed on 28/10/2020.

Australia. 2020. Aboriginal Australia. (online). Available at https://www.australia.com/en-in/things-to-do/aboriginal-australia.html?cid=paid-search|in|SYD798|brand|Google||||||||||&ef_id=Cj0KCQjwreT8BRDTARIsAJLI0KL6AEVQDHo9kdD_HFj48XNbPT7nMoI7VyJgECO9Kcw0rUz8OmVCQhYaAlANEALw_wcB:G:s&s_kwcid=AL!4635!3!421358093004!b!!g!!%2Baboriginal%20%2Baustralia&utm_actcampaign=9509291903. Assessed on 28/10/2020

Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2018, Recorded Crime - Victims, Australia. (online), Available at www.abs.com. Accessed on 28/10/2020.

Benoit, C., Carroll, D., and Chaudhry, M. 2014. In search of a healing place: Aboriginal women in Vancouver's downtown eastside. Social Science Medicine. 56, 821–833.

Bourassa, C., McNabb, K., and Hampton M. 2014. Racism, sexism, and colonialism: The impact on the health of Aboriginal women. Canada Woman Studies, 24, 23–29.

Brownridge, D. A. 2013. Understanding the elevated risk of partner violence against Aboriginal women: A comparison of two nationally representative surveys of Canada. Journal of Family Violence 23, 353–367.

Doyle, K., and Hungerford, C. (2015). Leadership as a Personal Journey: An Indigenous perspective. Issues in mental health nursing, Mental Health Nursing 36(5), 336–345.

 Harvey, D., Gibson, T., They, K., and Pearson, L, 2014, The role of empowerment in setting a foundation for social and emotional wellbeing, Advances in Mental Health, 8(1), 6-15.

Hoffmann, B., D., Roeger, S., Wise, P., Dermer, J., Yunupingu, B., and Lacey, D. 2012. Achieving highly successful multiple agency collaborations in a cross-cultural environment, Experiences and lessons from dhimurru Aboriginal corporation and partners, Ecological Management and Restoration, 13(1), 42-50.

SNAICC .2012. Healing in practice, Promising practices in healing programs for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children and families, Melbourne, SNAICC., (online ). Available at <www.snaicc.org.au/tools-resources/dspdefaulte.cfm?loadref>. Accessed on 28/10/2020.

Remember, at the center of any academic work, lies clarity and evidence. Should you need further assistance, do look up to our Nursing Assignment Help

Upto 50% Off*
Get A Free Quote in 5 Mins*
Applicable Time Zone is AEST [Sydney, NSW] (GMT+11)
Upload your assignment

Why Us

Complete Confidentiality
All Time Assistance

Get 24x7 instant assistance whenever you need.

Student Friendly Prices
Student Friendly Prices

Get affordable prices for your every assignment.

Before Time Delivery
Before Time Delivery

Assure you to deliver the assignment before the deadline

No Plag No AI
No Plag No AI

Get Plagiarism and AI content free Assignment

Expert Consultation
Expert Consultation

Get direct communication with experts immediately.

500 Words Free
on your assignment today

It's Time To Find The Right Expert to Prepare Your Assignment!

Do not let assignment submission deadlines stress you out. Explore our professional assignment writing services with competitive rates today!

Secure Your Assignment!
Order Now

Online Assignment Expert - Whatsapp Tap to ChatGet instant assignment help