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Hospital Management

Table of Contents

Literature review..

Benefits of travel scholarships to international students.

Opinions of international students on travel scholarships.

Recognition of the Australian education system by international students.

Contribution of travel scholarships in promoting tourism..

Research methodology.

References and bibliography

Literature Review of The Importance of Travel Scholarship

Benefits of Travel Scholarships to International Students

As per the study completed by Kamdar and Lewis (2015), travel scholarship is an aid provided to the students to travel and study abroad. The scholar illustrates that such scholarship programmes may benefit international students in several ways. Financial assistance provided by different institutions reduces the cost burden, likely to be experienced by international students. It can be understood that students from developing countries look for opportunities to study in top-ranked colleges and universities located in developed countries such as Australia, England and the USA. Differences in the current values between developed and developing countries may enhance the cost of travel and study to international students (Chen et al., 2015). In these scenarios, travel scholarships by non-profit organisations and international universities may provide opportunities to acquire education at reduced costs.

Trower and Lehmann (2017) have argued that the cost of living in developed countries can be much higher than in developing countries. Due to this, an international student may feel extreme pressure of meeting the cost of living while travelling and studying abroad. Most of the international students choose countries, which are known to host universities having sublime educational standards. In these situations, travel scholarships can be the financial help to international students due to which they can afford higher education at minimal cost (Kamdar & Lewis, 2015). It can be interpreted that travel scholarships decline the funding barriers and facilitate students to live and study in advanced countries. Hence, the research paper advocates on the benefits of travel scholarships to international students.

Opinions of International Students on Travel Scholarships

As per the study of Shimmi (2016), Japanese students have affirmative opinions on a travel scholarship. The scholar reveals that most of the students in Japan look at such scholarships as an easy way to afford international education and develop skills and abilities related to other countries. It could be one of the reasons why the number of students preferring travel scholarships in Japan is increasing, and Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has commenced subsidizing international study (Lee, 2018; Cote & Milliner, 2017).

Similar to that of Japan, students and government in Germany also have a positive attitude towards travel scholarships. A study conducted in 2014 suggested that nearly one-third of students enrolling to higher education in Germany consider travel scholarship and study in other countries (Grove, 2014). Additionally, plans to increase travel scholarships and the number of international students was established. These decisions and trends help understand the favouring opinion of German students towards travel scholarships.

The study accomplished by Schofield (2017) indicates that trends of international studying and working in increasing in Bhutan also. Bhutanese students were found highly enthusiastic towards the global study and appreciated the provisions of travel scholarships. It can be interpreted that Bhutan is a country with low-income students due to which they cannot afford the super costly international study. Travel scholarships help these students to acquire international exposure and develop skills through which they can secure jobs in developed countries (Tshering et al., 2020). Therefore, the opinion of international students is affirmative towards travel scholarships, and they find it as an opportunity to afford international education.

Recognition of The Australian Education System by International Students

Along with time, Australia has emerged as one of the prominent destinations for international students. As per statistics, one in every four students in international universities of Australia belongs to other countries (Kronholz & Osborn, 2016). Therefore, it can be understood that the Australian education system is getting highly popular among students in different countries. Several international universities are operating in Australia, which is preferred by students from Germany, Bhutan, Malaysia, Japan and many other countries. These universities include Australian National University, University of Melbourne, University of Sydney and Universities of Queensland and New South Wales.

Not only this, but, these Australian universities are positioned among the top 50 universities across the globe, which signifies the recognition of the Australian education system (OCallaghan, 2020). Every year thousands of students from international origin prefer taking admission to Australian universities, which could be one of the reasons why the percentage of international students is higher in the country. Other studies suggest that 19.6% of total students in the UK were from other countries (UUKi, 2019). In Australia, this percentage was found to be 24.3% in the year 2018 (Saunders, 2018). Further, in the year 2019, only 5.5% of the total higher education population in the USA was from international origin (IIE, 2019). These statistics help understand that percentage of international students in Australian universities is higher than the UK and USA. Therefore, it can be said that the Australian education system is more recognised than the education systems of other developed countries.

Contribution of Travel Scholarships in Promoting Tourism

According to Grabowski et al. (2017), travel scholarships have great contribution in promoting tourism in the host country. The scholar has found that institutions and agencies offering travel scholarship mainly support for educational expenses likely to be made by international students. These students are supposed to bear their expenses by themselves (Stone et al., 2017). In this manner, students studying in international universities of developed countries manage their expenses. Along with studying in other countries, international students are more likely to explore tourist places. Blum (2013) has explained that international students get fascinated by the culture of their host country, and they spend considerable time in tourism activities also. Since these students can afford education due to travel scholarships; therefore, it can be directly linked to tourism.

Similar findings are made in the research work of Strange and Gibson (2017) in which it is described that not all the expenses of international students are covered in travel scholarships. Most of the international universities offer subsidies on academic fees only. Universities and non-profit agencies are not accountable to bear personal expenses of students (Donna & Deb, 2016). Therefore, students can only acquire international education at reduced prices. Apart from this, if they indulge in tourism activities; they have to manage their expenses. Also, theories of societal behaviours indicate that students peer up in international universities and indulge in friendships (Berg et al., 2012). Due to this, they are much likely to enjoy and explore foreign cultures. These activities enhance the probabilities of tourism by international students.

Research Methodology of The Importance of Travel Scholarship

The methodology considered for conducting the current research work includes the use of the research onion model. This model helps in conducting the study in different phases, which are analogous to different layers of an onion.

The above figure shows the research onion model, which will be used. The study will be completed through interpretivism research philosophy in which information will be collected from different sources based on which suitable interpretations will be made (Novikov & ‎Novikov, 2013). Further, an inductive approach will be deployed, and the final study will create a new theory about the importance of travel scholarship for students travelling overseas to study as an international student. Since the study will be accomplished from the perspective of Western Australia; therefore, a new theory or concept can be easily generated. Hence, the inductive approach will be more suitable.

Further, mixed-method will be considered to execute the current research work in which primary, as well as secondary data, will be collected. Primary data will be collected to acquire real-time information on the research topic. Additionally, secondary data will be collected to evaluate the information in the existing literature and to justify the findings. Use of both kinds of data will enhance the credibility factor and will strengthen the study (Creswell, 2014). Through the mixed method, the research may progress in the right direction leading to trustworthy outcomes.

To collect the data relevant to the current study; various methods will be considered. Primary data will be collected through a survey only. For this purpose, a questionnaire has been developed, which will be used to source answers from the people (Refer appendix for questionnaire). Along with this, secondary data will be collected to conduct a literature review and evaluate the gaps in existing researches. Therefore, the search will be done in existing books, journal articles and other secondary sources of information.

References and Bibliography for The Importance of Travel Scholarship

Berg, ‎M., Paige, ‎M. & Lou, K. (2012). Student learning abroad what our students are learning, what they’re not, and what we can do about it. USA: Stylus Publishing

Blum, L. (2013). Free money for graduate school a directory of private grants. USA: Henry Holt and Company

Chen, N., Dwyer, L., & Firth, T. (2015). Factors influencing Chinese students’ behavior in promoting Australia as a destination for Chinese outbound travel. Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing32(4), 366-381.

Cote, T. J., & Milliner, B. (2017). Preparing japanese students' digital literacy for study abroad: Is more training needed?. JALT CALL Journal13(3), 187-197.

Creswell, J.W. (2014). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. USA: SAGE.

Donna, ‎V. &, Deb, C. (2016). Handbook of research on study abroad programs and outbound mobility. UK: IGI Global

Grabowski, S., Wearing, S., Lyons, K., Tarrant, M., & Landon, A. (2017). A rite of passage? Exploring youth transformation and global citizenry in the study abroad experience. Tourism Recreation Research42(2), 139-149.

Grove, J. (2014). Plan seeks to encourage many more German students to study abroad. Retrieved 17 September 2020, from https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2014/11/13/plan-seeks-encourage-many-more-german-students-study-abroad

IIE. (2019). Number of international students in the United States hits all-time high. Retrieved 17 September 2020, from https://www.iie.org/en/Why-IIE/Announcements/2019/11/Number-of-International-Students-in-the-United-States-Hits-All-Time-High#:~:text=The%20total%20number%20of%20international,total%20U.S.%20higher%20education%20population.

Kamdar, N., & Lewis, T. (2015). Deriving long-term benefits from short-term study-abroad programs. Journal of Management & Engineering Integration7(2), 1.

Kronholz, J. F., & Osborn, D. S. (2016). The Impact of Study Abroad Experiences on Vocational Identity among College Students. Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad27, 70-84.

Lee, H. (2018). Recent trends in Japanese students studying abroad: Welcome news for Canada | inside higher ed. Retrieved 17 September 2020, from https://www.insidehighered.com/blogs/world-view/recent-trends-japanese-students-studying-abroad-welcome-news-canada

Nardi, P.M., (2015). Doing survey research. UK: Routledge.

Novikov A. M. & ‎Novikov D. A. (2013). Research methodology: From philosophy of science to research design. UK: CRC Press

OCallaghan, C. (2020). Top Universities in Australia 2020. Retrieved 17 September 2020, from https://www.topuniversities.com/university-rankings-articles/world-university-rankings/top-universities-australia-2020

Saunders, S. (2018). 4 higher education trends to watch out for in Australia. Retrieved 17 September 2020, from https://www.studiosity.com/blog/4-higher-education-trends-to-watch-out-for-in-australia

Schofield, J. (2017). When Bhutanese study outside | The Druk Journal. Retrieved 17 September 2020, from http://drukjournal.bt/when-bhutanese-study-outside/

Shimmi, Y. (2016). Longterm Impact of studying abroad for Japanese students | Inside Higher Ed. Retrieved 17 September 2020, from https://www.insidehighered.com/blogs/world-view/longterm-impact-studying-abroad-japanese-students#:~:text=According%20to%20the%20survey%20results,cultures%2C%20and%20increased%20knowledge%20of

Stone, G. A., Duerden, M. D., Duffy, L. N., Hill, B. J., & Witesman, E. M. (2017). Measurement of transformative learning in study abroad: An application of the learning activities survey. Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism Education21, 23-32.

Strange, H., & Gibson, H. J. (2017). An investigation of experiential and transformative learning in study abroad programs. Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad29(1), 85-100.

Trower, H., & Lehmann, W. (2017). Strategic escapes: Negotiating motivations of personal growth and instrumental benefits in the decision to study abroad. British Educational Research Journal43(2), 275-289.

Tshering, D., Berman, J., & Miller, J. (2020) The educational relationship between Bhutan and Australia. Kinley Seden, Soren Willert, Dorjis and Kinzang Dorji, 67.

UUKi. (2019). International facts and figures 2019. Retrieved 17 September 2020, from https://www.universitiesuk.ac.uk/International/Documents/2019/International%20facts%20and%20figures%20slides.pdf

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