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Wildlife Populations and the Health of Production Animals

Wildlife Populations and the Health of Production Animals
September 16, 2022

Wildlife Populations and the Health of Production Animals

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Wildlife Populations and the Health of Production Animals

The study of animal production is a technology applied to the protection of animals for profit of human beings. The process usually includes– feeding, breeding, housing, and marketing. One of the most important aspects of making the financial arrangements is related to the progress of carrying out each strategy that makes the market conditions of the final products.

It is a part of agriculture science known as animal science. It provides knowledge of essential subjects such as animal behaviour, management, genetics, microbiology, nutrition, physiology, and reproduction. It is essential to enter into the profession as an animal science specialist.

Wildlife plays a vital role in human lives. Millions of pets and wild animals are raised as they provide products to everyday life. Many of us may not realise the significance of wildlife populations.

Apart from edible items, the production animals provide a vast range of basic things that are being used worldwide. The major products include wool, silk, medicine and labour, etc. The massively rising human population has increased the demand for wildlife's basic requirements, such as food, shelter, and clothing.

In addition, according to Google scholarly, “Australia has an estimated number of wildlife animals, 200,000 to 300,000 species. There are some 250 species of native mammals in Australia, 550 species of aquatic land birds, 680 species of reptiles and more than 2,000 species of marine and freshwater fish.”

The rest are invertebrates which also include insects. The number shows the distribution of climates, topography and soils, which produce the ecological variation of Australian vegetation. That has seen a balanced distribution of animal life.

Key terms you should know about the Wildlife Diseases

When we talk about the wildlife population, it is essential to learn what are the dangerous conditions the wildlife population is suffering from and how the agriculture industry can prevent them.

What are wildlife diseases?

Wildlife diseases are the condition of alteration of the body or body organs which may interrupt or disrupt bodily function. These are common causes of disturbance which are often easy to recognise.

According to Assignment Help Australia- a disease is usually the result of a combination of two or more causes–

  1. The first factor which is known as predisposing- may lower the animal's resistance.
  2. The direct exact factors which produce the actual disease.

In simple terms- predisposing causes of diseases and their occurrence is referred to as "stress" factors.

Generally, the stress factors include chilling and poor ventilation, and overcrowding and insufficient feeding and watering space.

In some cases, over use of medication also becomes the predisposing cause of wildlife diseases.

What are the direct causes of wildlife disease? Well, they are categorised in the list below.

  1. Bacteria
  2. Parasites
  3. Fungi
  4. Nutritional deficiencies
  5. Chemical poisons
  6. viruses
  7. Unidentified causes.

Multiple types of infectious diseases cause a significant threat to the production of animals. In some cases, the disorders are very contagious and often considered

 fatal.

Assignment Help Australia shares the critical terms of wildlife health to understand depth learning better.

Key points:

  1. You should know terms about how diseases are transmitted and the reasons for this eruption. They also provide the keys to understanding the management options.
  2. Wildlife diseases often occur in wild populations as and when some changes happen in the animal's environment that leads to disease emergence.
  3. If you learn more about the disease cycle and what are the factors responsible for the occurrence, control points or capturing or accessing adequate information about the wildlife population.

What are Production Animals?

According to the Agriculture Science Assignment Help– Production animal is the term used to describe the use of land primarily for raising animals or production of animal products. The simplest example of production animals is eggs or dairy products which are produced on an agricultural or commercial site and are also used for crop production. On such sites, the grazing of natural vegetation is the primary source of feeding.

Typical use of animal production includes- grazing, ranching, dairy farming, and poultry farming, etc.

As an agriculture student, you will also learn the uses of production animals and farm animals and the difference between the two.

In case you didn't know- in many Western countries, the category of production animals majorly includes– cattle, sheep, pigs, goats, horses, donkeys, and mules; In contrast, others are buffalo, oxen, and camels are some of the predominant creatures.

Importance of Animal Health

When the whole world is dependent on the production of animals, it is important that we also address the issues of those animals. Many animal diseases devastate some of the world's poorest commodities and damage international trade.

As we know, preventing and controlling diseases naturally grow economies and boost local communities. The vulnerable population, such as the young and elderly, also benefited from such improvements in animal health.

Moreover, the security and safety of production animal health provide sufficient food supply depending on the healthy, productive animals.

What is Animal Science?

As Assignment Help Australia says- Animal science is the branch of agriculture which studies the production and rearing of animals. It is the combination of art and science of rearing animals, livestock or domestic animals, poultry species for human consumption and the by-products that are consumed for agro-based industries.

When a person studies animal science, they apply the principles of the biological, physical, and social sciences to the problems associated with livestock production and management.

The subject is directly associated with animal origin– meat, dairy foods, and eggs. In order to become an animal scientist, you must have formal training and education, which provides learning experiences in order to learn & apply the complex principles involved in animal production, care and use.

What is the importance of Animal Science?

  • There is always a need of animals of variety of reasons which include—food, fibre, labour and companionship. Therefore, it is possible that we all rely on humans for multiple purposes
  • Animal scientists work in collaboration with farmers and provide significant improvement to several processes that include—breeding, disease prevention and nutrition.
  • When animals grow and stay healthy, it helps farmers to produce more meat, milk, and eggs for our consumption. The duties of animal scientists also include collaborating with farmers to decrease the environmental impact of animal agriculture.
  • In many universities, the animal science is used as the study of animal products once the harvesting process in done.
  • In the above process, scientists and researcher analyse the meat quality and milk screening which helps in pathogens. Moreover, the rapid advancement of the food safety keeps us healthy and boosts the business and supply of nutritious food.
  • In many cold climates, people rely on wool to keep themselves warm. And it is only possible with the research and analysis of animal scientists. They keep animals like sheep and alpacas protected from viruses and other bacterial infections.
  • In many countries, animals are used for labour, and animal scientists ensure keeping oxen, horses and donkeys healthy provides better performance.
  • Many of you might not know that animal scientists protect human health in many aspects. For this, students need to address the cause and effect of diseases between humans and animals. Moreover, scientists can also use animals as models for humans.
  • The foetal development study in sheep provides us the understanding of foetal development in humans.
  • Many zoo and farms rely on animal scientists in order to establish breeding programs, and nutrition programs and help wildlife conservation.
  • With the contribution of animal scientists, we can keep our pet healthy and in good shape. The scientists study about how to handle the issues of pet obesity and breeding.

Wrap up

In order to gain a better understanding of these essential terms, you need to invest time and interest in the wildlife and their health which can only be done with the help of Agriculture Science Assignment Help.

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