Importance of Diagnosis and Surveillance of Disease in Animal Populations

Diagnosis and Surveillance of Disease in Animal Populations
September 16, 2022

Importance of Diagnosis and Surveillance of Disease in Animal Populations

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Importance of Diagnosis and Surveillance of Disease in Animal Populations

With the rapidly growing human population, digitisation, globalisation, and climate change, a vast number of ecological disturbances have raised the number of emerging diseases among animals. These numbers are the reason we cannot oversee when it comes to the role of wildlife, humans, and domestic animal disease emergence. Now more than ever, the problems have shot up, and we humans certainly cannot ignore them. Therefore, wildlife health surveillance is now a serious concern. The integral identification and management of potential dangers to human and animal health.

In this blog, the agricultural science assignment help experts talk about objects and methodologies of wildlife surveillance which is domestic animal health surveillance.

However, with drastic changes in the zoological, behavioural, and ecological concepts of the wildlife population, it is not always easy to plan a robust strategy for diagnosis and surveillance. Moreover, there are significant differences that are considered essential. So, whether it is preparing for applying methods of interpreting data, it is important to know the deep investigation of wildlife health.

If you are not aware, an ideal surveillance strategy requires a unique set of definitions, methods, and procedures to avail uncommon conditions to carry out better results. Multiple laboratories tend to depend on domestic animal surveillance strategies for their wildlife pathogens and investigations, which may not be suitable for the present scenario.

Every recognised space for wildlife needs disease surveillance and research for its understanding and epidemiology. However, all passive and active strategies are responsible for surveillance. These surveillance strategies can include specific barriers which could be related to significant case acquisition and under-reporting, trouble designing, and sampling strategies that often present the population.

There are several barriers to implementing the surveillance strategy, which includes:

  • Under-reporting and trivial case implementation.
  • Trouble designing and sampling strategies presented for the population interest.
  • Lack of validated diagnostic tests.
  • Inaccurate data interpretation.
  • Insufficient existing wildlife surveillance technology.
  • Research-related complications result in a time-consuming process.
  • The above complications also present examples of wildlife and related zoonotic.

Purpose of Diagnosis and Surveillance

The laboratories for surveillance are advancing at a rapid rate, and therefore every country introduces the supervision of animal disease that includes long-term data and strategic collection. Moreover, the surveillance tools are also responsible for certain risk factors and prevalent parameters.

A student of animal science can learn the use of temporal and spatial elements in order to provide conclusions that help in necessary prevention.

Do you know why there is a prominent need for the understanding of the health status of animals? Well, to answer this question, the experts of agricultural science assignment help say– the process is highly essential to identify the health problems and what actions should be taken.

However, many countries have several techniques and surveillance policies which differ in needs and capacities.

For example, a developed country will have a well-structured, sophisticated surveillance system that will protect the functions of animals and animal products and their trade processes.

On the other hand, a poor and developing country will have limited access to land borders which may or may not provide an adequate system to handle certain outbreaks of epidemics. This may vary in factors such as– cost, objective, complexity, and effectiveness.

Before we discuss the process and methods of implementing animal disease surveillance, it is essential to recognise the need for surveillance in the first place. Here are some of the prominent reasons given below-

  1. Disease prevention
  2. Early detection of health conditions and symptoms
  3. Measuring the level of disease
  4. Finding cases of the disease.

Limitations of Diagnosis and Surveillance of Disease in Animal Populations

Surveillance of wildlife is often associated with a vast number of challenges that may come with a case, samples, and field data collection. However, it can also be interpreted as field data and validation of observations with multiple experimental findings.

One more difficulty with wildlife research is its diversity in taxonomic. It requires the knowledge of zoology and species-specific issues, which are counted as anatomy, pathology, disease susceptibility, and ecology.

However, multiple choices come with colossal complexity in the surveillance process. Therefore, it has become a technically critical field that speaks about the need for expertise. You might wonder what expertise is required. Well, the strategy is to evaluate the pros and cons of each surveillance option and pick the most effective approach for several situations in an essential need.

This is unfortunate that in many countries, there is still a lack of expertise, making it challenging to comprehend the meaning and importance of the tools. As a result, it is becoming increasingly challenging to decide the appropriate tool and its use in a particular situation.

Depending on the needs and capabilities of disease surveillance, there are multiple parts included in the framework which helps you make better decisions; they have:

  • Identifying the various purposes of surveillance and all the essential requirements to meet each objective.
  • Identifying the tools available for surveillance tasks which include- the characteristics and information it generates.
  • Matching the tool for surveillance.

In order to make it more effective and comprehensive, the surveillance process should include various elements that investigate different aspects of health events. You may wonder why. Well, it serves to complement each other, for example– scanning and targeted surveillance process for outbreak investigation, archiving of biological samples, laboratory studies, predictive modelling, and risk assessment.

In addition to surveillance approaches such as the collection of both antibody or pathogen surveys in association with pathological investigations, or laboratory or field investigation with the help of questionnaire enquiries, which may be beneficial to access a satisfying number of data and alleviating results and its reliability.

Various methods are being used in several countries that may act in synergy–these methods are also used for increasing disease awareness among hunters and game wardens. Interestingly the hunters submit more cases for surveillance and scanning process. And this method provides it from the laboratory to the fields in the form of reports which encourage field partners to participate in future campaigns for sampling.

With students of agriculture and teachers' efforts, one can learn about the surveillance process, which helps in increasing the interest and knowledge of several health issues. As a result, the data collected from surveillance are beneficial for teaching methods.

In order to understand the wildlife health investigation, there are specific strategies that you need to use. However, it also requires you to view numerous potential issues which are often unchecked. These tools also provide the designs for data analysis, resulting in interpretation and study designs.

Wrap up!

According to the assignment help experts- wildlife surveillance helps researchers remember the health needs of each animal. They often begin in the field since these investigations are carried out with the goal of taking an active approach to the situation. For this, one must not allocate the resources for data collection but should equally be involved in the analysis, investigation, and dissemination of information.

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